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End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock

Publicly accessible License 

The United States is embarking on an ambitious transition to a 100% clean energy economy by 2050, which will require improving the flexibility of electric grids. One way to achieve grid flexibility is to shed or shift demand to align with changing grid needs. To facilitate this, it is critical to understand how and when energy is used. High quality end-use load profiles (EULPs) provide this information, and can help cities, states, and utilities understand the time-sensitive value of energy efficiency, demand response, and distributed energy resources. Publicly available EULPs have traditionally had limited application because of age and incomplete geographic representation. To help fill this gap, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded a three-year project, End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock, that culminated in this publicly available dataset of calibrated and validated 15-minute resolution load profiles for all major residential and commercial building types and end uses, across all climate regions in the United States. These EULPs were created by calibrating the ResStock and ComStock physics-based building stock models using many different measured datasets, as described in the "Technical Report Documenting Methodology" linked in the submission.

Citation Formats

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). (2021). End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock [data set]. Retrieved from https://data.openei.org/submissions/4520.
Export Citation to RIS
Wilson, Eric, Parker, Andrew, Fontanini, Anthony, Present, Elaina, Reyna, Janet, Adhikari, Rajendra, Bianchi, Carlo, CaraDonna, Christopher, Dahlhausen, Matthew, Kim, Janghyun, LeBar, Amy, Liu, Lixi, Praprost, Marlena, Zhang, Liang, DeWitt, Peter, Merket, Noel, Speake, Andrew, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Han, Mims Frick, Natalie, Wang, Zhe, Blair, Aileen, Horsey, Henry, Roberts, David, Trenbath, Kim, Adekanye, Oluwatobi, Bonnema, Eric, El Kontar, Rawad, Gonzalez, Jonathan, Horowitz, Scott, Jones, Dalton, Muehleisen, Ralph, Platthotam, Siby, Reynolds, Matthew, Robertson, Joseph, Sayers, Kevin, and Li, Qu. End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock. United States: N.p., 14 Oct, 2021. Web. https://data.openei.org/submissions/4520.
Wilson, Eric, Parker, Andrew, Fontanini, Anthony, Present, Elaina, Reyna, Janet, Adhikari, Rajendra, Bianchi, Carlo, CaraDonna, Christopher, Dahlhausen, Matthew, Kim, Janghyun, LeBar, Amy, Liu, Lixi, Praprost, Marlena, Zhang, Liang, DeWitt, Peter, Merket, Noel, Speake, Andrew, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Han, Mims Frick, Natalie, Wang, Zhe, Blair, Aileen, Horsey, Henry, Roberts, David, Trenbath, Kim, Adekanye, Oluwatobi, Bonnema, Eric, El Kontar, Rawad, Gonzalez, Jonathan, Horowitz, Scott, Jones, Dalton, Muehleisen, Ralph, Platthotam, Siby, Reynolds, Matthew, Robertson, Joseph, Sayers, Kevin, & Li, Qu. End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock. United States. https://data.openei.org/submissions/4520
Wilson, Eric, Parker, Andrew, Fontanini, Anthony, Present, Elaina, Reyna, Janet, Adhikari, Rajendra, Bianchi, Carlo, CaraDonna, Christopher, Dahlhausen, Matthew, Kim, Janghyun, LeBar, Amy, Liu, Lixi, Praprost, Marlena, Zhang, Liang, DeWitt, Peter, Merket, Noel, Speake, Andrew, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Han, Mims Frick, Natalie, Wang, Zhe, Blair, Aileen, Horsey, Henry, Roberts, David, Trenbath, Kim, Adekanye, Oluwatobi, Bonnema, Eric, El Kontar, Rawad, Gonzalez, Jonathan, Horowitz, Scott, Jones, Dalton, Muehleisen, Ralph, Platthotam, Siby, Reynolds, Matthew, Robertson, Joseph, Sayers, Kevin, and Li, Qu. 2021. "End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock". United States. https://data.openei.org/submissions/4520.
@div{oedi_4520, title = {End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock}, author = {Wilson, Eric, Parker, Andrew, Fontanini, Anthony, Present, Elaina, Reyna, Janet, Adhikari, Rajendra, Bianchi, Carlo, CaraDonna, Christopher, Dahlhausen, Matthew, Kim, Janghyun, LeBar, Amy, Liu, Lixi, Praprost, Marlena, Zhang, Liang, DeWitt, Peter, Merket, Noel, Speake, Andrew, Hong, Tianzhen, Li, Han, Mims Frick, Natalie, Wang, Zhe, Blair, Aileen, Horsey, Henry, Roberts, David, Trenbath, Kim, Adekanye, Oluwatobi, Bonnema, Eric, El Kontar, Rawad, Gonzalez, Jonathan, Horowitz, Scott, Jones, Dalton, Muehleisen, Ralph, Platthotam, Siby, Reynolds, Matthew, Robertson, Joseph, Sayers, Kevin, and Li, Qu.}, abstractNote = {The United States is embarking on an ambitious transition to a 100% clean energy economy by 2050, which will require improving the flexibility of electric grids. One way to achieve grid flexibility is to shed or shift demand to align with changing grid needs. To facilitate this, it is critical to understand how and when energy is used. High quality end-use load profiles (EULPs) provide this information, and can help cities, states, and utilities understand the time-sensitive value of energy efficiency, demand response, and distributed energy resources. Publicly available EULPs have traditionally had limited application because of age and incomplete geographic representation. To help fill this gap, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded a three-year project, End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock, that culminated in this publicly available dataset of calibrated and validated 15-minute resolution load profiles for all major residential and commercial building types and end uses, across all climate regions in the United States. These EULPs were created by calibrating the ResStock and ComStock physics-based building stock models using many different measured datasets, as described in the "Technical Report Documenting Methodology" linked in the submission.}, doi = {}, url = {https://data.openei.org/submissions/4520}, journal = {}, number = , volume = , place = {United States}, year = {2021}, month = {10}}

Details

Data from Oct 14, 2021

Last updated May 2, 2022

Submitted May 2, 2022

Organization

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

Contact

Load Profiles Project Team

Authors

Eric Wilson

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Andrew Parker

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Anthony Fontanini

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Elaina Present

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Janet Reyna

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Rajendra Adhikari

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Carlo Bianchi

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Christopher CaraDonna

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Matthew Dahlhausen

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Janghyun Kim

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Amy LeBar

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Lixi Liu

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Marlena Praprost

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Liang Zhang

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Peter DeWitt

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Noel Merket

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Andrew Speake

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Tianzhen Hong

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Han Li

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Natalie Mims Frick

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Zhe Wang

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Aileen Blair

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Henry Horsey

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

David Roberts

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Kim Trenbath

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Oluwatobi Adekanye

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Eric Bonnema

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Rawad El Kontar

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Jonathan Gonzalez

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Scott Horowitz

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Dalton Jones

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Ralph Muehleisen

Argonne National Laboratory

Siby Platthotam

Argonne National Laboratory

Matthew Reynolds

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Joseph Robertson

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Kevin Sayers

National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL

Qu Li

Argonne National Laboratory

DOE Project Details

Project Name End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock

Project Number FY19 AOP 3.4.6.57

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